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Different Types of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

TBI can be divided into three main types of injuries:

1) Diffuse Axonal Injury (DAI) – refers to extensive lesions in white matter tracts. DAI is a major cause of unconsciousness and persistent vegetative state following a head trauma. DAI is more common with the rapid back and forth movement of the head and usually happens because the skull is moving faster than the brain, causing certain structures in the brain to tear. Diffuse axonal injury can be temporary or permanent. It can cause coma or even death.

2) Concussion - A concussion can be caused by violent action toward the head, by severe blows, or a whiplash effect. Concussion causes blood vessels to stretch, which may result in a bad headache, altered levels of alertness, or unconsciousness.

3) Contusion or cerebral contusion – refers to a bruise of the brain tissue. It may be associated with multiple microhemorrhages and small blood vessel leaks into brain tissue. Contusion occurs in about 30% of severe head injuries. Contusion can cause a decline in mental function in the long term. In some grave situations, contusion may result in brain herniation, a condition in which parts of the brain are squeezed past parts of the skull. Mild cerebral contusions may heal on their own, but severe contusions may require surgery to correct.

II. Acquired Brain Injury

An acquired brain injury occurs any time after birth on a cellular level. It can affect the entire brain, rather than a limited area like a traumatic brain injury. An acquired brain injury is internal, therefore, it may be impossible to see its symptoms, which may include:

  • Impairment of function, motor skills or memory;
  • Long lengths of time spent in a still, 'vegetative' state;
  • Sudden or severe behavior changes or problems - depression, restlessness, anxiety and psychosis.

Different Types of Acquired Brain Injury

1) Anoxic Brain Injury occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen. When oxygen levels are significantly low for four minutes or longer, brain cells begin to die and after five minutes permanent anoxic brain injury can occur. There are three types of anoxia:

a) Anoxic - no oxygen is getting through;

b) Anemic - severely limited amount of oxygen is getting through; and

c) Toxic - something is blocking the oxygen in the blood from being used in the brain.

2) Hypoxic Brain Injury (also called cerebral hypoxia or hypoxic-anoxic injury (HAI) occurs when the brain does get oxygen, but doesn't seem to get enough oxygen. It could happen because of lack of blood flow or blood pressure is weak. The greater the loss of oxygen, the more wide-spread and serious the injury will be.

Getting involved in an accident can result in a variety of different injuries. When an injury to the head occurs, it may be necessary to seek immediate medical attention. Depending on the situation, the injury can be very serious. After understanding the specific details of the injury, it is critical to seek a brain injury lawyer in Philadelphia to help pay for medical care and any expenses associated with the accident, as well as obtain large money damages for pain and suffering and disability. Our brain injury lawyers in Philadelphia handle all brain injury cases at a low 29% contingency fee.

Severe vs. Mild Injuries

Brain injuries are not always severe and they do not always signal a major change to your lifestyle or the life of your loved ones. Some injuries are classified as mild because you can recover from the injury within a relatively short period of time.

Mild brain injuries include:

  • Mild concussions, which recover within a few weeks
  • Temporary problems with normal functioning
  • Slight disorientation after a head injury, which heals within a week or so

Although a blow to the head during an accident can result in mild injuries that heal in a relatively short period of time, the brain is a delicate organ. Even slight bruising and more serious concussions after an accident can have long-term results on the brain.

Severe brain injuries include:

  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots related to the injury
  • Bruising in the brain
  • Torn brain tissue
  • Any other physical injuries to the brain

A head injury can result in damage to the brain. Even if it seems like a small problem, bleeding in the brain can cause the death of brain cells. Depending on the extent of the damage, the impact on your daily life will vary. In some cases, you may lose certain abilities, such as speech. In the worst case, a brain injury can lead to death.

Treatment Solutions

After an injury to the head, it is important to seek medical attention, even if you do not see any cause for concern or the individual does not seem to have any severe injuries. Small bruising and bleeding in the brain can spread over time, which results in further damage to the brain.

The best treatment solutions depend on the level of damage, the cause of the injury and the individual involved. Doctors determine an appropriate treatment plan after establishing the amount of damage that occurred.

Seeking a Brain Injury Lawyer in Philadelphia

If a brain injury occurs after an accident, whether it is on the job, in a car or in any other situation, then it is very important to get the help of a Philadelphia brain injury lawyer.

The brain injury attorney in Philadelphia will evaluate the situation based on the details that you provide regarding the accident. If you or your loved one was injured by the actions of others, then you may be able to obtain compensation to help pay for medical bills, loss of wages, pain and suffering and disability.

A Philadelphia brain injury lawyer will ask a variety of questions associated with the accident. You may also be required to submit details regarding the cost of treatment, the medical bills and other costs associated with lifestyle changes that may be necessary after a brain injury.

It is hard to move forward after a brain injury. The brain is responsible for speech, movement and sending messages throughout the body. When it is injured in an accident, there may be options available to help pay for the medical bills and other related expenses. The key is identifying the cause of the injuries and proving that you or your loved one was injured during the accident. An experienced brain lawyer in Philadelphia from our firm will get you the maximum possible compensation available under Pennsylvania law.

If you or a loved one suffered a brain injury, compensation may be available. The Lassen Law Firm, Pennsylvania brain injury attorneys, is a firm with a proven record of success in Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) cases. Any brain injury is complex and can have a devastating impact on a person and his or her family. If you or a loved one has suffered a brain injury, you may have a legal right to recover damages from the responsible party.

The Lassen Law Firm is proud to focus its law practice on representing survivors of brain injury and their family members throughout Philadelphia and Pennsylvania.

You are entitled to a compassionate Pennsylvania brain injury lawyer who understands the confusion and distress that you may be facing. We will spend the time to listen to you, evaluate your case fully and help you recover compensation. You will not be charged any fees in advance, as we work on a contingency basis. Please call the Lassen Law Firm now to see how we can help.